Child Survival in a Changing Climate

Project location: WORLDWIDE, Various Countries
Project start date: August 2010 - Project end date: August 2012
Project number: 2010-24
Beneficiary: Associazione Witness Image

 

ZAMBIA REPORT

Malaria and climate change

Malaria is a disease extremely sensitive to climate change. The increase of rainfalls, temperature and humidity favor the survival of pests and mosquitoes and the ensuing transmission of the disease. Malaria is the main cause of mortality in Zambia, with nearly 4.3 million cases and 50 thousand deaths every year. It accounts for one fourth of child deaths and about 50% of children affected by malaria are hospitalized. The typical symptoms that appear only a few days after contagion normally include fever, nausea, headache and pain to joints, and children aged less than 5 can die in less than 24 hours. For this reason the "Mtendere Mission Hospital" in Chirundu, in the south of Zambia, at the borders with Zimbabwe, carries out a fundamental role in the treatment of this terrible disease.

Users include the population of the Chirundu district made up of about 60,000 inhabitants, living in an area of nearly 150 Km. However, there are several patients coming from other healthcare districts and from the capital city Lusaka.


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