Water and Tanks for the Children of Fahamuni School, Kwale County - Kenya
Project location: KENYA, Kwale
Project start date: June 2012 - Project end date: June 2013
Project number: 2012-065
Beneficiary: Progetto Sud
This project aims to improve infrastructure for primary education and access to basic sanitation with water supply tanks to collect rainwater. Activities will be implemented in the county of Kwale, south of Mombasa, along the coast of Kenya. The Kwale County is largely arid and semi arid, with a tourist industry in developing tourism sector. This industry, however, does not bring benefits to local people. The inhabitants of the area live below the poverty line and it is chronic the lack access to drinking water and the difficult of access to primary education. Drinking water is remarkably low, and most of the population benefits through uncontrolled wells, near the points where water is accessible, bathrooms are badly situated and this contributes to pollution of groundwater. In areas of Mwangulu and Magdzoni, the ground is very unstable that makes latrine wall will reinforced to prevent collapse and pollution of groundwater with sewage. In other areas of the county, the underground water level is so small that risk of pollution with sewage is almost constant. It is therefore necessary to build sanitation with suitable containers and rooms that can recycle the sewage safely.
The project promotes methods of safety sanitation and access to drinking water not contaminated. Sanitary accompanied by basic health education can be the starting point for a sustainable local development, primarily by ensuring access to primary education for boys and girls. This project, in fact, concerns the construction of toilets in the schools located in the villages, since this is considered vital points of local communities by ensuring appropriated and separate toilets, also allows you, especially girls, to receive a regular primary education.
The Fahamuni Primary School along the street L-Lunga/Likoni, has about 800 scholars.The building has an open well, without cover and it is very dangerous for children; the well is used, as for the other, even by the village community. The school has 4 bathrooms, two for boys and two for girls which are in poor conditions and do not have roof. The classes are very old and in poor conditions. The school has a few benches and some tables have been borrowed from neighbouring schools.
The proposed project has two parallel modules:
The first module includes the construction of toilets for Fahamuni Primary School lacated in the area, by supplying tanks to collect rain water for bathing themselves.
Alongside the construction of toilets and supply tanks, it will also provide classrooms, as school is overcrowded and many students are forced to follow the lessons on the ground.
The second parallel module provides health and hygiene education classes (proper use of water, basic hygiene and basic behavioral rules) and courses in nutrition education and the construction of gardens for families.
The schools examined by Progetto Sud are 30 in need of the same elements. Concerning this project proposal, the selected school is the school of Fahamuni. It has been selected the most disadvantaged schools and with a greater number of other students. The selection was very painful because there are many structures that require sanitary basic structures.
The project aims to improve the hygiene of drinking water for most of people of the area to prevent, through construction of tanks and development of the bathrooms, many diseases which are located in the area due to water pollution in groundwater.
Finally, there is a specific awareness-raising activities throughout the territory through the production of information materials and leaflets on the importance of the issues addressed by the project itself.The project activities are the following:
A1:Overall coordination and supervision of the project
1.1The activities will be conducted throughout the project duration, 12months. It will necessary the Italian coordinator and the local Coordinator. The Italian Coordinator will be an expert in managing development cooperation programs. The functions of the Italian Coordinator will be general coordination and supervision of the project. The Italian coordinator will keep constant touch with the local coordinator. The local coordinator or project coordinator will send a report every month in order to explain the work in progress. the local coordinator will work together with local experts to set the task of collection of the indicators, necessary for subsequent monitoring of the initiative. The Italian Coordinator will work via computer with the staff on site, in order to limit the travel and accommodation costs and per diem. It will be necessary to foresee two evaluation mission in order to monitor the work in progress and the respect of the foreseen activities. The local coo
rdinator will send a detailed report of work done every two months. He/She will be responsible for providing training courses and will play a supervisory role in the project site, suggesting, where and if necessary, any improvements.
A2: Construction of school toilets by ensuring the provision of exclusive toilets for girls.
This activity involves the construction of toilets for Fahamuni school. The Fahamuni Primary School along the street L-Lunga/Likoni, has about 800 scholars.The building has an open well, without cover and it is very dangerous for children; the well is used, as for the other, even by the village community. The school has 4 bathrooms, two for boys and two for girls which are in poor conditions and do not have roof. The classes are very old and in poor conditions. The school has a few benches and some tables have been borrowed from neighbouring schools.
The project foresees the construction of new groups of bathrooms. This will satisfy the minimum needs of all students and teachers. Currently, the teachers (men and women) share a single latrine. As part of this activity is expected the work to make the safety of the bathrooms, according to local requirements. For this activity will be used the following resources: project coordinator, construction manager, general workers.
In the financial plan shows the cost of "securing of jobsâ€ compulsory certification required by the Kenyan government.
A3: Provision of tanks and reservoirs to collect rainwater built and put into operation at the village school.
This activity involves the installation of tanks in the school to collect rainwater. The water will be used for hygienic use(baths). The activity will consist in the provision and operation of tanks and reservoirs to collect rainwater from the village school. The rainwater will be used for the use of the baths. The tanks will be installed and operated and will facilitate the collection of water used by the in habitants of the village where the school refers.
For this activity will be used the following resources: project coordinator, construction manager, general workers.
A4:Training and capacity building for local people
This activity will consist in providing training and capacity building for the local population for the proper management of tanks and reservoirs and for the proper use of water.
The training and capacity building provided by this activity are to be returned to its parents, local community that came together to ensure the functioning of the school in question. The training will consist of meetings with the local community through which will be given basic knowledge of hygiene and proper use of water, emphasizing the importance of not contaminating the ground water with sewage drainage.
For this activity will be used the following resources: local coordinator, responsible for training, social and cultural expert.
A5: Monitoring and evaluation:
Monitoring and evaluation activity it will consist in three different types of indicators: productive, economics and social indicator concern to the external conditions and relatives indicators on the impact of the project, in terms of participatory and qualitative effects that reflect on the beneficiaries behavior. Monitoring and evaluation activity during the project activity and of the results it will be performed by Italian coordinator through two site monitoring visits. The first mission it will take place at the beginning of the project, the second one il will be at the end of the project activity to asses the results obtained.
It will be a bimonthly report prepared by the local coordinator and emailed to the Italian coordinator who will serve as an ongoing evaluation, in the sense that, through this report, we can monitoring the progress of activities and modify them.
The Nando Peretti Foundation has awarded a grant to this project, whose anticipated achievements or outcomes are the following.
R1: FAHAMUNI Primary school will have a rainwater harvesting system for hygienic bathrooms with a significant improve of access to drinking water.
R2: strengthening the capacity of local communities to manage water resources and increasedknowledgeofhygienelinkedtotheproperuseofwater
Evaluation indicators are quantitative and qualitative.
Quantitative: number of students eligible to be guaranteed access to primary education and basic hygiene. Project Report Local community formed and level of self sustainability of good management of water assured.
Qualitative: Degree of satisfaction among beneficiaries with respect to the action, can improve health and hygiene education.
The necessary preconditions for the start of the project are in the proven active participation of local people in project activities. Such participation is guaranteed by the activities currently being undertaken by South project and the local partner SODEV.