Creation of a School Farm in Kibaya, Rwanda
Project location: RWANDA, Kibaya
Project start date: December 2013 - Project end date: December 2016
Project number: 2013-050
Beneficiary: Progetto Rwanda Onlus
TIMELINE OF THE PRESENT FINAL REPORT: From 01/01/2014 to 01/04/2014
The project aimed to increase the Kibaya community’s knowledge on soil fertility and conservation, necessary condition for a sustainable development; moreover, it allows the cell’s inhabitants to achieve the social and economic benefits associated with the following general objectives:
a) Contributing to the improvement of food security for the children of the school, for their families and for the whole community of Kibaya.
b) Favour the fight against malnutrition and denourishment in the Nyaruvumu cell.
c) Contributing to the fight against poverty in Kibaya;
d) Contributing to a local sustainable development.
During the first three months, the following activities have been carried out:
- Creation and implementation of the Management Commitee.
The Management Committee first convened on January 3, 2014. All the representatives of all the people involved in the project took part in the meeting.
Social Affairs Responsible
Progetto Rwanda Onlus
Progetto Rwanda Onlus
During meeting, which took place in a room in the Parish of Kibungo, the role and the competences of the Committee were clarified; it was necessary for the correct implementation of all the activities included in the project start-up.
- Selection of the 6 teachers involved in the project.
According to the criteria set by the project itself, the Director of the school of Kibaya has made a list of prospective candidates, who were selected by the Committee during the meeting. The teachers proposed to increase of the number of participants to the project, as a preventative measure, in order to obviate some of the students’ possible absences, for illness or other reasons. The subsidy was equally divided in 7, as expected. After a brief consideration, the Committee accepted their proposal and another teacher was added to the project.
- Selection of the 3 people in charge of the farm
The authorities of the cell of Nyaruvumu have played a very important role – according to the criteria set out by the project, they have made a shortlist of candidates, 3 of which have been selected by the Committee.
- Building of the cows paddock and of the warehouse.
Before buying the raw materials necessary, and the cows, the building paddock and the warehouse were completed. The warehouse is completely made of concrete and bricks; it has a plate roof; it was built close to the kitchen of the school canteen, in order to optimize the space occupied by buildings, allowing a bigger space for outdoors school activities. Moreover, being the warehouse so close to the other buildings, it will be easier for the people in charge to control and secure the tools.
The paddock was built on a concrete slab, in order to ease the daily cleaning and maintenance; it will shelter the two cows and the soon-to-be-born veal. It will guarantee a healthier environment, particularly during the rainy season. The rest of the building is made of wood, except for the plate roof. The paddock is far enough from the school, in order to prevent people and animals to share the same spaces and in order to avoid the unpleasant smell, often produced by the animals, could affect the regularity of the classes.
- Purchase of the needed raw materials and implementation of the activities.
The Committee has referred to some wholesaler to buy the raw materials and the cows needed to start the project. This sellers guaranteed a trusted and serious service and a good quality of the products sold. The price of the materials established during the research phase have resulted to be almost the same as the final ones, so all the materials needed were bought. There have been a few problems buying arboreal plants and fodder, which were bought at local sellers’ who didn’t have an invoice pad. The Committee has obviate this problem, signing receipts of payment, which report the price paid and the vendor’s name. It was necessary to use the same modality to secure the vet service and to buy the shade cloth for the plant nursery. The cows are mixed-raced, in order to guarantee their resistance to work, their rusticity and the milk and meat production.
- Teachers’ and Farm responsibles’ training.
INATEK has trained 7 Kibayan teachers and 3 people who will be in charge of the company. The training started on January 13, 2014 and finished on February 27, 2014, for a total amount of 85 hours. The lessons lasted three hours each and were taught Monday to Thursday, in order to encourage the attendance.
This schedule resulted to be good, since the attendance to the training was constant, also thanks to the good job made by INATEK, which was able to motivate the students to attend theory lessons, which were far more complex and less involving then practical workshops. As foreseen in the project, the training was divided into modules, each of them taught by a professional INATEK teacher, as described in the chart.
Module Taught and Main Contents
Director of the Department of Research and Teacher of Soil Science of the INATEK
The classes taught focused on soil management, its erosion and acidity and how to deal with it in order to restore its fertility; different fertilizers have been studied (mineral and organic – and how to produce the latter) in relation to vegetation cycle and harvesting.
Teacher of Food Science and Human Nutrition, responsible of the management and implementation of the projects of the Department of Agricolture and Cattle of INATEK
Basic Nutrition: the macronutrients and their importance in daily life – especially for children. How to identify the different food groups
Teacher of Agricultural Science
Livestock Production and its management (animal production, feeding and breeding). Crop production and its management (from choosing the right soil, to seeding, fertilizing and harvesting).
The preliminary results achieved are:
- creation of a functioning school farm for agricultural and zootechnical training,
- three trained farmers in charge of the farm
- 6 trained teachers for didactic and pedagogical activities.
- 4 local institutions involved (Nyaruvumu cell, INATEK, Kibaya school, Diocese of Kibungo) in the project whose aim was improving people’s life-style.
- Creation and implementation of a Management Committee.
Given the correct implementation of the project initial phase, is to say of the start-up activities and the organization of such activities, Progetto Rwanda Onlus is planning to continue the project, carrying out the following activities:
- Continuation and upgrade of the training activities;
- Starting and formation of the umudugudu subgroup.